REGISTERED CATTLE BREEDS IN TEXAS - Scott Baird

Santa Gertrudis cattle are a tropical beef breed of cattle developed in southern Texas on the famed King Ranch. They were named for the Spanish land grant where Captain Richard King originally established the King Ranch. This breed was officially recognized by the United States Department of Agriculture in 1940 and it became the first beef breed formed in the United States. The origin given by King Ranch is that it was formed by mating Brahman bulls with Beef Shorthorn cows, with the final composition being about 37% Brahman and 63% Shorthorn. In 1918 King Ranch purchased 52 bulls of 75% to 88% Bos indicus breeding to mate with 2500 pure-bred Shorthorn cows on the ranch. Santa Gertrudis cattle are known around the world for their ability to adapt to harsh climates. They were exported to Australia in 1951 and have been subjected to inspection and classification since then. The Santa Gertrudis Breeders Association of Australia was established in 1954 and the Santa Gertrudis Group Breed plan has operated in Australia since 1994. Anna Creek, Australia's largest cattle station raises Santa Gertrudis and there are 11,500 registered in the United States.

At the same time, ranches were developing with other breeds of cattle in Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, and Montana

Wild cattle were thick in the Texas brush and after the Civil War it became common practice to round them up and herd them north and east to market. At the same time, ranches were developing with other breeds of cattle in Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Wyoming, and Montana. These ranchers didn't want the Texas longhorns using the same forage and crops as their American cattle used. The Texas longhorns also carried the disease-bearing tick that caused tick fever; the Texas longhorns were immunne but not so the American cattle. The ranchers also believed that the longhorns were a danger to other livestock and to their crops.

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