The researchers also find that children who grow up in poverty are at greater risk of developing a behavior pattern known as “learned helplessness,” a condition in which children feel as if they have no power to change or control their circumstances. The researchers tested participants by assigning them two puzzles – one of which was unsolvable – and measuring the time it took for them to give up on the impossible puzzle in favor of the doable one. Lower-income children demonstrated greater levels of learned helplessness than their higher-income peers. The authors believe the cause of this disparity is environmental: children growing up in poverty find themselves in surroundings characterized by chaos, an absence of structure, and a perceived lack of control. Helplessness is then conditioned by continued exposure to uncontrollable, unpredictable stimuli.
survey found that 43% of children grow up in poverty in west Belfast
Children growing up in poverty tend to have poor nutrition. This affects brain development, the ability to sleep, and the ability to concentrate in school. Children in low income households also tend to have fewer educational resources at home, such as books or adults reading to them, and as a result their vocabularies and other pre-literacy skills are lower than children in other households. If the local school does not have the resources to address these special needs, kindergarten will be far more difficult for these children.
The brains of children growing up in poverty were different
It depends. “Poverty” varies greatly. In general, there is less class mobility in America than most people think, that is, kids who are born into families in the bottom quintile of the income distribution are more likely to end up there as adults than kids born into higher quintiles. Place and race are big factors as well. Poverty among minorities tends to be highly geographically concentrated in urban and rural ghettos. This compounds the effects of poverty on individuals, limiting their access to education, jobs, housing, and even safety. It is reasonable to hypothesize that children who grow up in concentrated poverty experience more lasting effects.
the total number of children growing up in poverty in the U.S