War; Cold War and Civil Rights; Black Power to post-racial America

Witnessing the powerful draw of Africa and the deep desire to improve lives there, during the campaign Kennedy referred to Africa hundreds of times—far more than he did to civil rights. For Kennedy, Africa was the newest frontier, one where he could burnish his Cold War credentials by enrolling newly independent states on the side of the West while making himself known as a candidate sympathetic to black Americans. The plight of the 280 African students provided Kennedy a welcome opportunity to promote the relatively noncontroversial program of improving African education while skirting the more problematic issue of just when independence from colonial rule should come in Africa. The need to enlist more black U.S. Foreign Service officers and the need to stop the Jim Crowing of African diplomats—thus resolving issues that created ill will in foreign relations as well as among black Americans at home—provided additional powerful themes for his campaign rhetoric and potent appeals to black Americans. With the Cold War at the forefront of most Americans’ minds and equal treatment central to black voters, Kennedy adroitly used Africa to champion domestic black concerns in a foreign context. This episode, like others important to our expanding understanding of the relationship between the Cold War and civil rights, shows how the intertwining of the two reached into the most elemental aspects of American life—including choosing the nation’s leader.

Nowhere has this been more evident than in the combination of Cold War and civil rights studies

Nowhere has this been more evident than in the combination of Cold War and civil rights studies. Following the customary subdivisions of the craft, Cold War and civil rights histories developed, for the most part, in isolation from one another, but several books, some dating back to the 1950s, have sought to examine their substantial interconnections and interdependence. Cold War and civil rights struggles, these works reveal, shared not only a place and time, but also mutually reinforcing ideological and political contexts. Between them were curious mixes of racism, capitalism, nationalism, ethnocentrism, imperialism, altruism, socialism, humanitarianism, realism, and idealism that defined the complex American identity of the late twentieth century. The combination of these histories exposes the United States at the end of …

Cold War and civil rights policies became clear in the report of

Timeline of Cold War and civil rights events that occurred from January 1959 to January Associate Professor of Bryn Upton specializes in modern U.S. history (1865-2000s) and teaches courses on such topics as presidential scandals, the conservative movement, the Cold War and Civil Rights. His 2014 book, "Hollywood and the End of the Cold War: Signs of Cinematic Change," looks at how the end of the Cold War changed popular films. Upton designs innovative courses like "Greed, Gangsters and the Great Depression: The United States 1898-1940" and "Bourne at the Right Time: Film and Our Post-Cold War Identity."

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" challenges readers to think globally and locally about the relation between the Cold War and civil rights. It also provides food for thought on the post-Cold War era."--Laurie B. Green,

Writing a paper about the cold war and civil rights