With the return of the Austrians in 1815, the city completed its cultural and economic success. Commercial and financial activities made Milan Italy's main business centre. Furthermore, thanks to the completion of many irrigation projects coordinated by the government, Milanese agriculture was among the most modern and best developed in Europe. At the same time, the city became the largest publishing and cultural centre of Italy with the involvement of figures including , and . Milan developed Neoclassical works in both the private and public domains: firstly as a result of the strong link between the Enlightenment and Neoclassical art, especially publicly funded architecture,
Kenney Mencher: Discussion and Video: Neoclassical Art
Content and subject matter were also heavily influenced by classical antiquity. Many Neoclassical artists incorporated Greek and Roman elements such as mythological figures into their work. Artists also revived the teachings and writings of Dante and Virgil, often depicting moral narratives of self-denial and self-sacrifice that mirrored the ethical values depicted in classical literature. Though as the Neoclassical movement evolved, so too did the subject matter. Artists found that they could embrace a wider range of content, and treat it in the Neoclassical style. In this respect, Neoclassicism became flexible, suiting various tendencies and requirements. It could be used in an academic arena or in decorative arts. It could be used for political purposes or for commercial motivation. Its versatility was perhaps the primary reason for Neoclassicism’s widespread popularity.
Bashapedia / Rococo and Neoclassical Art
At the heart of Neoclassical art was a intense consciousness of ancient Roman and Greek art. The technique, style, and overall intent was a direct derivation of this antique aesthetic, particularly with the classical idea that art should be serious and unemotional. Neoclassicists believed in the importance of the objective viewpoint, and in the artist’s duty to approach his or her work in a controlled, uninvolved manner. The use and importance of color was deemed inconsequential, as it only distracted from the purpose of the painting. As such, artists generally used a rather subdued palette, with somber colors to further emphasize the gravity and seriousness of their intent. Linear interpretation was of primary importance to the of subject, and the artists adhered to a compositional restraint that created a uniform simplicity in each painting. Perspective and spatial complexities, which had been explored since the Renaissance, were abandoned in favor of this strict linear style. By stressing the importance of contour and line, artists abided by a markedly two-dimensional portrayal of the world.
Jesus in Rococo and Neoclassical Art